Your father can gift you the investment funds and on this basis you can become an EB-5 investor and obtain the U.S.permanent residency. Even if the investment funds are gifted to you, the accredited investor requirements have to stiff apply to you. You also have to prove the authenticity the legal source of the investments funds. You will have to invest your personal funds and cannot invest those investment funds with a foreign national who already has a green card in order for you to obtain the U.S.permanent residency.
You ask many good questions that are best answered by a qualified EB5 attorney, like those at our law firm. Retaining a qualified EB5 attorney allows you to develop a strategy to reach your US Immigration Goals.
Deciding on a business in which to invest is mostly a business decision, considering a direct or regional-center-based EB5 investment, rates of return, etc. The source and transfer of personal investment funds is also best prepared and/or reviewed by a US EB5 attorney.
Contrary to the misinformation supplied by Mr. B., YES--you can take on a partner or multiple partners as long as YOU invest your complete required amount of capital. See 8 CFR 204.6(g) which explains about "multiple investors", it is best to take on partners who are NOT also seeking EB-5 visas. As the sole EB-5 investor in such a group, you get credit for ALL the jobs created by that partnership as it relates to your investment efforts. That is to say that only the "partnership's " employees go to you. As an example, if you take on partners B, C, and D (you are Partner A) and B separately owns a McDonald's franchise--his separate employees do NOT go to you. If you and your partner's open a new business then you get to count ALL employees in that new business not just one-quarter of them because your non-EB-5-partners don't have to prove anything to USCIS because they are NOT applying for EB-5 visas! That whole bunch of nonsense in your question about wire transfers and the like is nearly unintelligible---What Country are you talking about? Have you done any research into your own country's laws? Have you asked Dad?