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Martha J. Schoonover

Contact Information

Name
Martha J. Schoonover
Position
Co-Chair Business Immigration and Compliance
Contact Phone
703.749.1374
Blog
http://www.immigrationcomplianceblog.com/
Contact Email
schoonoverm@gtlaw.com
Martha J. Schoonover

Martha Schoonover focuses her practice on business immigration matters and assists employers in obtaining temporary, nonimmigrant visas for business persons, managers and executives, treaty investors and traders, professionals (including physicians, researchers and scientists, nurses, physical therapists, engineers, computer scientists, and business professionals), exchange visitors, students, and crew members working on the Outer Continental Shelf. In addition, Martha assists in obtaining labor certifications and permanent resident status for professionals, researchers, multinational managers and executives and other priority workers and in obtaining and relinquishing U.S. citizenship.

Martha represents companies facing U.S. government investigations or audits for immigration violations and prepares immigration and visa compliance programs for clients. She counsels employers on the employer sanctions and anti-discrimination provisions of the Immigration Reform and ControlAct of 1986 and represents employers being audited by the U.S. Government. In addition, she assists foreign companies in obtaining vessel exemptions from the U.S. manning requirements of the U.S. Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act and in obtaining determinations from the Coast Guard that persons are not a part of the regular complement of the crew. Her practice involves appearances before and filing petitions/applications with the U.S. Department of State and its overseas posts, The U.S. Department of Labor, and the Department of Homeland Security, including U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services and the U.S. Coast Guard. Martha is a frequent lecturer and author for the American Immigration Lawyers Association (AILA) and ALI-ABA. She headed AILA's Labor Certification Task Force from 1993 to 1995 and has served on its State Department and INS/CIS General Counsel Liaison Committees.
Areas of Concentration
         Business Immigration law
Professional and Community Involvement
         Member, American Immigration Lawyers Association State Department Liaison Committee, 2004-2006
         Member, American Immigration Lawyers Association INS General Counsel Liaison Committee, 2001-2003
         Member, American Immigration Lawyers Association Taskforce on Governance, 2001-2003
         Vice Chair, American Immigration Lawyers Association INS Adjudications Policy/Benefits Liaison Committee, 2000-2001
         Vice Chair, Western Hemisphere Subcommittee, Northern Virginia Technology Council International Committee, 2002-2003
         Past Chair, American Bar Association, General Practice Section, Immigration Law and Administrative and Government Law Committees
         Past Chair, District of Columbia Bar Association, Young Lawyers Section
         ABA's Coordinating Committee for Immigration Law, 1992-1996
         Secretary, Board of Trustees of the Foundation of the Bar Association of the District of Columbia, 1997-2001; Member, 1997-2006
Awards and Recognition
         Listed, Chambers & Partners USA Guide, an annual listing of the leading business lawyers and law firms in the world, 2009-2011 editions
         Listed, The Best Lawyers in America, 2010
         Listed, The Washingtonian Magazine, Washington's Top Lawyers, 2009
         Listed, Legal 500 US, 2009-2010 editions
         Rated, AV® Preeminent™ 5.0 out of 5*
*AV® Preeminent and BV® Distinguished are certification marks of Reed Elsevier Properties Inc., used in accordance with the Martindale-Hubbell certification procedures, standards and policies.
Articles, Publications & Lectures
Articles
         Author, "Nonimmigrant Visas for Employment:  Specialty Workers (H-1B), Intracompany Transferees (L-1), NAFTA Professionals (TN), and Treaty Traders and Investors (E-1 and E-2)," ALI-ABA Course of Study, "Immigration Law: Basics and More", Washington, DC, May 8-9, 2008
         Author, "Termination of Foreign Nationals: A Refresher on Due Diligence from an Immigration Perspective," October 2008
         Author, "H-1B Blackout for 2009: Planning for Brighter Days in Business Immigration," April 2008
         Author, "Announcement Impacting Employers Made Today by the Department of Homeland Security (eAlert)," August, 2007
         Author, "Department of Homeland Security Issues FINAL Regulations on Social Security Number No-Match Letters," August 2007
         Author, "USCIS Reached FY 2008 H-1B Cap - What Now?", April 2007
         Author, "Corporate Restructuring: The Due Diligence Required from an Immigration Perspective," November 2006
         Author, "Travel Advisory for the Western Hemisphere," October 2006
         Author, "Employment Authorization Regulations and I-9 Compliance," ALI-ABA Course of Study, "Immigration Law: Basics and More", sponsored with the cooperation of the America Immigration Lawyers Association (AILA) and the ABA Section of Labor and Employment Law's Immigration Law Committee.  Washington, DC,  May 4-5, 2006
         Author, "Employment Authorization Regulations and I-9 Compliance," ALI-ABA Course of Study, "Immigration Law: Basics and More", sponsored with the cooperation of the American Immigration Lawyers Association (AILA) and the ABA Section of Labor and Employment Law's Immigration Law Committee.  Washington, DC, May 12-13, 2005        
         Author, "Change of Nonimmigrant Status," Immigration & Nationality Law Handbook, Volume 2, American Immigration Lawyers Association, 2004-2005  
         Author, "Treaty National ("TN") Status," Seventh Annual ALI-ABA Course of Study, "Immigration Law: Basics and More", sponsored with the cooperation of the American Immigration Lawyers Association (AILA) and the ABA Section of Labor and Employment Law's Immigration Law Committee.  Washington, DC, May 6-7, 2004    
         Author, "Employment Authorization Regulations and I-9 Compliance," ALI-ABA Course of Study, "Immigration Law: Basics and More", sponsored with the cooperation of the American Immigration Lawyers Association.  Washington, DC, May 4-5, 2000 
         Associate Editor, "Immigration Options for Doctors," American Immigration Lawyers Occupational Guidebook, 1995
         Author, "Immigrant Visa Processing Following Enactment of New Adjustment of Status Provision," The Visa Processing Guide, 3d Edition 1995
         Co-Author, "Immigration Provisions of the North American Free Trade Agreement," Immigration Briefings, March 1994
         Author, "Avoiding Tax and Immigration Traps," The Complete Lawyer, published by the American Bar Association Section on General Practice, Fall Edition 1993
         Co-Author, "Hong Kong Provisions of the Immigration Act of 1990," Regulatory Overview: Putting the Pieces Together, American Immigration Lawyers Association, 1992
         Author, "Employment Authorization Regulations and I-9 Compliance," American Bar Association Section of Labor and Employment Law, Papers, 1992
         Co-Author, "Hong Kong Provisions of the Immigration Act of 1990," 1991-92 Immigration & National Law Handbook, American Immigration Lawyers Association, 1991
         Co-Author, "Employment Issues Facing the Investor/Entrepreneur," Selected Writings on Immigrant Investors, American Immigration Lawyers Association, 1991
         Associate Editor, Understanding the Immigration Act of 1990, American Immigration Lawyers Association, 1990
         Author, "U.S. Immigration Law Provisions Relevant to FMGS,"Texas Medical Jurisprudence Manual, 1994, 1996 and 1998 Editions
Speeches
         Speaker, "ICE Initiatives: What Employers Should Know About the Current Landscape," The Federal Bar Association, Chicago Chapter, presents: "What You Should Know About Workplace Enforcement and Immigration", at Loyola University Chicago, School of Law, Chicago, Illinois, November 17, 2008
         Speaker, "Nonimmigrant Visas for Employment: Specialty workers (H-1B), Intercompany Transferees (L-1), NAFTA Professionals (TN), and Treaty Traders and Investors (E-1 and E-2)," ALI-ABA Course of Study, "Immigration Law: Basics and More", sponsored with the cooperation of the American Immigration Lawyers Association (AILA).  Washington, DC, May 8-9, 2008
         Speaker, "Obtaining Permanent Residence through Labor Certification: Processing under PERM," ALI-ABA Course of Study, "Immigration Law: Basics and More", sponsored with the cooperation of the American Immigration Lawyers Association (AILA). Washington, DC, April 26-27, 2007
         Speaker, "What You Should Know About Workplace Enforcement and Immigration," Co-sponsored by the Federal Bar Association, Chicago Chapter and the Immigration Policy Center, American Immigration Law Foundation, Northwestern University School of Law, Chicago, Illinois, November 20, 2006
         Speaker, "Workforce Enforcement Inspections:  The ICEman Cometh," American Immigration Lawyers Association Teleconference, July 11, 2006
         Speaker, "Consular Processing - Part of the Admission Equation," American Immigration Lawyers Association Annual Conference, San Antonio, TX, June, 2006
         Speaker, "Protecting the Employer," ALI-ABA Course of Study, "Immigration Law: Basics and More", sponsored with the cooperation of the America Immigration Lawyers Association (AILA) and the ABA Section of Labor and Employment Law's Immigration Law Committee.  Washington, DC,  May 4-5, 2006
         Speaker, "Employment Authorization Regulations and I-9 Compliance," ALI-ABA Committee on Continuing Professional Education, "Immigration Law Basics," Washington, D.C., May 2005
         Speaker, "Protecting the Employer," ALI-ABA Course of Study, "Immigration Law: Basics and More", sponsored with the cooperation of the American Immigration Lawyers Association (AILA) and the ABA Section of Labor and Employment Law's Immigration Law Committee.  Washington, DC, May 12-13, 2005    
         Speaker, "Change of Nonimmigrant Status," American Immigration Lawyers Association Annual Conference, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, June 2004
         Speaker, "Treaty Nationals and E Visa Categories," ALI-ABA Committee on Continuing Professional Education, "Immigration Law Basics," Washington, D.C., May 2004
         Speaker, "Nonimmigrant Visas for Employment," Seventh Annual ALI-ABA Course of Study, "Immigration Law: Basics and More", sponsored with the cooperation of the American Immigration Lawyers Association (AILA) and the ABA Section of Labor and Employment Law's Immigration Law Committee.  Washington, DC,  May 6-7, 2004                
         Speaker, "The Final Step for Employment-Based Workers," American Immigration Lawyers Association Annual Conference, San Francisco, CA, June 2002
         Speaker, "Emerging Corporate Issues" and "H-1B Requirements Under The American Competitiveness in the Workplace Improvement Act of 1998," 23rd Annual Immigration Law Update, sponsored by The Florida Bar Continuing Legal Education Committee, the American Lawyers Association (AILA), South Florida Chapter, and the International Law Section.  Miami, Florida, February 14-15, 2002
         Speaker, "Prevailing Wage Challenges," American Immigration Lawyers Association Annual Conference, Boston, Massachusetts, June 2001
         Speaker, "H-1Bs: Recent Statutory Changes," American Immigration Lawyers Association Spring Conference, Washington D.C., March 2001
         Speaker, "H-1Bs," American Immigration Lawyers Association 2001 Washington Spring Forum. Washington, DC, March 22-24, 2001  
         Speaker, "Business Immigration Law Today," Federal Publications Seminars, San Francisco, CA, October 2000
         Speaker, "Business Immigration Law Workshop," Federal Publications Seminars, Hilton Head, SC, July 2000
         Speaker, "Nonimmigrant Roundtable," American Immigration Lawyers Association Annual Conference, Chicago, Illinois, June 2000
         Speaker, "Tax Issues in Immigration Cases," American Immigration Lawyers Association Annual Conference, Seattle,Washington, June 1999
         Speaker, "Taxes and Business Immigration," American Immigration Lawyers Association Annual Conference, Houston, Texas, June 1998
         Speaker, "INS vs. IRS," American Immigration Lawyers Annual Conference, Phoenix, Arizona, June 1996
         Speaker, "Immigration Issues for Research Institutions," Associate of Independent Annual Meeting, Research Institutes, Washington, D.C., September 1995
         Speaker, "Medical Professionals," American Immigration Lawyers Association, Fall Business Conference, Chicago, Illinois, October 1994
         Speaker, "Labor Certification," American Immigration Lawyers Annual Conference, San Francisco, California, June 1994
         Speaker, "Immigration Issues for Foreign Medical Graduates," American Immigration Lawyers Association, Fall Business Conference, Cincinnati, Ohio, October 1993
         Speaker, "Proposed Legislative and Administrative Changes in Immigration Law Under the Clinton Administration," American Bar Association Annual Meeting, New York, NY, August 1993
         Speaker, "Labor Certification Roundtable," American Immigration Lawyers Annual Conference, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, June 1993
         Speaker, "Employment Authorization Regulations and I-9 Compliance for Employers," American Bar Association Annual Meeting, San Francisco, California, August 1992
         Speaker, "Tax Issues for Nonresidents," American Immigration Lawyers Association Annual Conference, New Orleans, Louisiana, June 1992
         Speaker, "Second Preference Employment Based Immigrant Visas Under the Immigration Act of 1990," Federal Bar Association Immigration Law Conference, Washington, D.C., February 1992
         Speaker, "The Second Preference Employment Based Category: Advanced Degree Professionals and Aliens of Exceptional Ability," Federal Bar Association Immigration Law Seminar, February 1992
         Speaker, "Investor/Employment Creation Immigrant Visa Category," American Immigration Lawyers Association, Fall Business Conference, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, October 1991
         Speaker, "Employment Based Immigrant Visas Under the Immigration Act of 1990," American Immigration Lawyers Association Annual Conference, Chicago, Illinois, June 1991
         Speaker, "Immigration Practice in Large Law Firms," American Immigration Lawyers Association Annual Conference, Washington, D.C., June 1989
         Speaker, "Immigration Issues for Employers," American Bar Association Annual Meeting, Toronto, Canada, August 1988
         Presenter, "Employment Authorization Regulations and I-9 Compliance," Immigration Law: Basics and More, ALI-ABA Committee on Continuing Professional Education, May 1999, 2000 and 2001
         Speaker, "Employment Authorization Regulations and I-9 Compliance," ALI-ABA Committee on Continuing Professional Education, Immigration Law Conference Washington, D.C., May 1999 and May 2000
 
Education
J.D., University of Virginia School of Law, 1980
          Attended Harvard Law School 1975-1976
B.A., summa cum laude, History and French, University of Richmond, 1975
          Phi Beta Kappa
Admitted to Practice

District of Columbia